CBD Oil (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring cannabinoid constituent of cannabis, derived from hemp, that does not contain THC, and thus is not psychoactive. With the passing of the farm bill in 2018, CBD that is derived from hemp, which by its definition contains .3% or less THC, is legal federally, in all 50 states
CBD oil is a substance that’s made by extracting a specific compound from cannabis known as cannabidiol. You can ingest it or apply it directly on your skin, depending on the product that it’s in. It may have pain-relieving capabilities, but we’re still waiting for good clinical studies to prove this. It's possible that a few drops of CBD oil can be therapeutic, but we need more info on what it's really useful for. Some research has shown that CBD may be effective for relieving chronic pain, as well as pain associated with cancer treatment and arthritis. It’s not entirely clear how CBD may work to alleviate pain; it may be related to the compound’s anti-inflammatory properties. CBD also appears to activate a serotonin receptor, which may help reduce pain. Much more investigation needs to be done.
Unlike the other main chemical in marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol does not get you high. Still, there is some controversy around the use of CBD for a variety of health conditions, even though it doesn’t have the same psychoactive effect that people feel from using marijuana recreationally. For one thing, CBD products aren’t approved by the FDA for any medical condition, so products are not regulated for purity and dosage. CBD oil is also not legal in all 50 states, so if you are curious about trying CBD oil for pain management, first look into the law in your jurisdiction. CBD oil can have side effects, like lightheadedness, and, as with any supplement, it has the potential to interact with medication you’re taking. So work closely with a physician to make sure that you’re using CBD oil appropriately.
Health’s medical editor, Roshini Rajapaksa, MD, is assistant professor of medicine at the NYU School of Medicine.
Research on CBD benefits
In addition, CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. Recent animal studies have reported that CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis.
As discussed, CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating childhood epilepsy and other seizure disorders. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and in some cases, it was able to stop them altogether. As previously mentioned, YouTube videos of the effects of CBD on these children and their seizures are readily available, and they are quite striking. Recently the FDA approved the first-ever cannabis-derived medicine for these conditions, Epidiolex, which contains CBD. Relief from anxiety and depression with CBD is also supported by clinical research. For patients who suffer through the misery of insomnia, studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep.In addition, CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. Recent animal studies have reported that CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. Given the current opiate epidemic in the US, safer alternatives for pain relief are needed and further human studies with CBD are warranted
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